Wastes are referred to as discarded, discarded and mostly harmful substances. Especially with the climate crisis in the world, the damage caused by waste to the environment is more on the agenda.
There are liquid and gaseous wastes such as industrial wastes, household wastes, packaging wastes in daily life. However, a significant part of the waste is also medical waste. Moreover, medical wastes pose a very high risk among waste groups.
We investigated the risks caused by the medical wastes in question and how they can be prevented. We looked at academic studies on the risks posed by medical wastes, which are closely related to public health.
What is Medical Waste?
One of the important causes of environmental problems is the wastes produced by industry. The increase in population and rapid urbanization complicates the service provided in many public areas such as the health sector. However, the unconscious use of resources increases the waste problem. When it comes to waste, the biggest danger is medical waste.
We can answer the question of what is medical waste as follows. The wastes generated as a result of the processes carried out in health institutions are defined as medical waste.
How to manage and dispose of medical waste is a problem all over the world. Because the harms of medical wastes are a source of risk for both the environment and public health. It is an important factor that hospital staff do not have adequate training on the risks posed by medical waste.
In addition, being sensitive to these wastes plays a critical role in the management of medical wastes. Providing training to the employees and interns in health institutions and informing the personnel about the management of medical wastes are beneficial in the disposal of these wastes.
Classification and Importance of Medical Wastes
Most of the medical wastes, which have a significant impact on environmental problems, originate from hospitals. Here, medical wastes are divided into pathological, penetrating waste and infected waste. These wastes should be collected in their own waste sections in health institutions. Here are the details about the types and classification of medical waste:
– Infected wastes are known as wastes that carry the risk of infectious diseases. Examples of these wastes are blood products. In addition, the belongings of patients with infectious diseases and the consumables of dialysis patients are also included in the infected waste group. Waste from veterinary and animal laboratories is also categorized as infected waste. Anything that comes into contact with a sick person should be evaluated for the risks posed by medical waste. Infected wastes are among the hazardous wastes that carry the risk of infection.
-Pathological wastes are grouped as wastes consisting of tissues and samples processed in the pathological laboratory.
-Chemical wastes can be solid, liquid or gaseous wastes. “What are hazardous medical wastes?” For those wondering, it is possible to say that there are toxic chemical wastes.
The first thing that comes to mind in chemical wastes used in hospitals is the chemicals used to disinfect the materials.
Medical wastes generated in hospitals, clinics and veterinarians need to be segregated meticulously. When the risks posed by medical wastes are evaluated, it is imperative that the wastes be disposed of before they come into contact with healthy people.
Harms of Medical Wastes
Medical wastes are among the wastes that affect biological creatures the most. When classifying these wastes, especially those in the hazardous waste group require great attention. Therefore, it is important for the persons responsible for the management of medical wastes to take all precautions against the harm of these wastes. The risks posed by medical wastes are an issue that needs to be examined in ethical as well as health and environment.
Hazards of Medical Wastes to Human Health
The serious risk of spreading communicable diseases comes from medical waste. Because blood and blood products in hospital-derived waste always increase the risk of contamination. There is a high risk of parasites, bacteria and viruses in such wastes. Therefore, “What are the diseases caused by medical wastes?” is among the questions asked.
Blood samples and waste can cause the transmission of AIDS, hepatitis B, hepatitis C diseases. In this respect, the risks posed by medical wastes are seen as one of the causes of health problems that can be fatal. However, sharp and penetrating wastes, which are among the medical wastes, can create a great danger if they are not disposed of safely.
Environmental Damages of Medical Wastes
Chemical wastes that affect environmental health the most among medical wastes. Mixing these wastes into the sea and soil is dangerous for all living things. Because environmental pollution is among the factors that affect human health. The environment polluted with medical wastes can cause diseases and facilitate the spread of diseases. Keeping medical wastes away from water installations is especially recommended for both health and environment. Everyone who is sensitive to the environment is aware of the importance of preventive approaches for medical waste.
What Is The Medical Waste?
In general, waste has no monetary value. It does not appear to be economically beneficial. However, recycling efforts for wastes that adversely affect the ecosystem are valuable as they provide the opportunity to benefit from a significant part of the waste. There are many studies on the recycling of waste. However, “Can medical waste be recycled?” This question is asked more by those who are environmentally conscious.
Medical wastes have different characteristics than domestic wastes and are dangerous. It is not possible to store and recycle under the same conditions. Therefore, the storage areas of medical wastes are also in different places. Here are the most common medical waste materials that require attention to be stored:
– Disposable gowns and gloves
– Materials used for dressing
– Needles, syringes or scalpels
– Parts exposed due to surgery
All of these listed wastes are disposed of through important stages. How medical wastes are disposed can be summarized as follows: Medical wastes are first shredded and then sterilized. Pressure and temperature are also used for sterilization.
Storage is one of the most important stages from the time of the emergence of medical wastes until they are eliminated. Medical waste cabinets preserve medical waste in the most harmless and economical way. With these cabinets, the risks posed by medical wastes can also be eliminated.
How to Neutralize the Harms of Medical Wastes?
Health institutions have a lot of responsibility for medical waste. Collecting, transporting and then keeping these wastes in warehouses requires great care. Therefore, the recommendations of the World Health Organization for the risks posed by medical waste should be considered.
This process, which starts with waste collection, also requires good planning. Especially the size of the hospital and the patient capacity are important for making the necessary preparations. In fact, planning for medical waste is more effective in the long run when it is carried out at the establishment stage of hospitals.
However, the stages of collecting, transporting and storing medical wastes also require the use of appropriate materials. Medical waste cabinets are part of that planning. These cabinets store medical waste until waste collection vehicles arrive. Because microorganisms originating from medical wastes must be protected at a certain temperature. When there is no temperature of +4 degrees, it is easier for these microorganisms to reproduce and transmit diseases.
Among the Coolermed medical freezers, medical waste cabinets can ensure that medical wastes are kept under appropriate conditions. Coolermed waste cabinets are very functional for healthcare institutions. We list the features of these cabinets with special features for you:
– Coolermed waste cabinets have block doors without glass.
– Safe storage is possible as the inner bodies are made of stainless steel.
– It provides a professional insulation by using polyurethane.
– It has rust resistant outer bodies.
If you also need a medical waste cabinet, you can review the Coolermed TA170-145 Liter and TA670-584 Liter models on our website. You can safely choose the appropriate medical waste cabinet against the risks posed by medical waste.
You can reach our previous article from https://coolermed.com/en/medical-coolers-in-power-outages/